100th year of our ‘National Anthem’

Rabindranath Tagore sings Jana Gana Mana
Jana-Gana-Mana-Adhinayaka, Jaya He
Uchchhala-Jaladhi Taranga
Tava Subha Name Jage
Tava Subha Ashisa Mage

Gahe Tava Jaya Gatha.
Jana-Gana-Mangala Dayaka, Jaya He
Jaya He, Jaya He, Jaya He,
Jaya Jaya Jaya, Jaya He


The moment we listen this tune, we feel thrilled and the body automatically comes into the position of attention. We are talking of our country’s National Anthem, ‘Jan Gan, Man’. Just 4 days from hence, on 27nth December, this song is going to complete its 100 years since it came into existence. Let’s know some interesting facts about it on this occasion from this present expose below.
This song awakens the passion of patriotism and doing and dying for the sake of the nation. All the classes in the schools through the country over begin after the completion of the 'National Anthem'. And the beginning of all the national and governmental functions begins with this song.

What is 'National Anthem'?

In order to arouse and respect and the sense of patriotism among the masses of a nation, some special song is administratively accorded the status of the 'National Anthem'. The emotion, connotations and feeling of a 'National Anthem' is something different from the common song. It chiefly contains the feel of patriotism.

What is story behind the composition of the National Anthem?

As for that matter, our National Anthem was got written by Rabindra Nath Tagore to welcome the British Monarch George V on the occasion of his arrival in India in 1911, Rabindra Nath Tagore, being a true patriot himself gave the details of the importance and significance of his country into this song, which was revealed by him to a friend of his Pulin Bihari Sen by name through a letter. This song very soon began energising the people fighting for the independence filling fire into them. Considering the popularity of this song among the Indian masses, this song was sung in the Indian National Congress Convention held in Calcutta in 1911. Ever since then, the echo of this song vibrated in every movement connected with the Indian struggle of Independence. Originally composed in Bengali language by Rabindra Nath Tagore and converted into a musical song by him as well, the Hindi version of 'Jan, Gan, Man' was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the 'National Anthem' on 24rth January, 1950. Thus it could be seen, Jan, Gan, Man is going to complete its 100th year since the date it was composed of 4 days from today i.e. on the 27nth of December, 2012. On the very next month i.e. on the 24rth of February, it would cross over its 61st year round as its existence as the 'National Anthem.

The correct method of singing National Anthem

The singing of the 'National Anthem' Jan, Gan, Man in the the form of the National Song is for a duration of 52 seconds It is sung in its brief form on some special occasions also according to which, only its beginning and the ending lines are sun which takes about 20 seconds only. .

Essential rule

In order to maintain the dignity of the 'National Anthem', the audience should stand up in an attention posture which is not possible to follow for the audiences in a movie or documentary in motion or afterwards.

When to sing?

About the correct versions relating to the singing of the song, necessary directives are issued by the government. Its full version is collective sung on various occasions and national functions such as while hoisting the National Flag, Cultural programmes, Parades, before the arrival and departure of the President, on All India Radio or TV before and after the president's address to the nation, in the formal state functions of the governors and lieutenant Governors etc to site a few of the occasions. It is collectively sung in Schools before the beginning of the classes of the children.

Some notable facts

  • Rabindra Nath Tagore is the only such lone person, whose creations has got the status of the National Song' in more than one foreign country. His composition' Amar Sonar Bangala' has got the status of National Song' in Bangala Desh.
  • Rabindra Nath Tagore is the first Indian to have received the Nobel Prize. He was conferred with this prestigious award for his epicwork of poetry 'Gitanjali'.
  • George V had declared Delhi in place of Calcutta to country's new capital and pon this occasion, Rabindra Nath had composed 'Bharat Bhagya Vidhata..'
  • British government had conferred the title of 'Sir' to Rbinndra Nath I 1919 which he had returned back after the incidence of Jalianwala Baugh.
  • Several Hindi poets had written poetry in the occasion of the coronation ceremony of Geoorge V famous amongst which are by 'Subhagya Samagam Badri Narayan Chaudhary'Prem Ghan', 'Shubh Swagat' by Ayodhya Singh Upadhya 'Harioudh', 'Sri George Vandana' by Sridhar Pathak and 'Mahendra Manglashtak' by Nathuram Sharma' Shankar'.